The Abyss
Upper Trigram:K'an, the Abyss, Water, Danger
Lower Trigram:K'an, the Abyss, Water, Danger
Governing Rulers:Nine in the second place
Nine in the fifth place

The Image
Water flowing on continuously forms the repeated K'an. The superior man, in accordance with this, maintains constantly the virtue of his heart and the integrety if his conduct, and practices the business of instruction.

Miscellaneous Signs
Fire mounts in Li; water in K'an descends.

The Judgement
K'an, here repeated, shows the possession of sincerity, through which the mind is penetrating. Action in accordance with this will be of high value.

K'an repeated shows us one defile succeeding another. This is the nature of water: it flows on, without accumulating its volume beyond overflow; it pursues its way through a dangerous defile, without losing its true nature.
That 'the mind is penetrating', is indicated by the strong lines in the central positions.
That 'action in accordance with this will be of high value', tells us that advance will be followed by achievement.
The dangerous height of heaven cannot be ascended; the difficult places of the earth are mountains, rivers, hills and mounds. Kings and princes arrange, by means of such strength, to maintain their territories. Great indeed is the use of what is there taught about seasons of peril.

The Lines and commentaries
Bottom six
Showing its subject in the double defile, and yet entering a cavern within it. There will be evil.
'In the double defile, he enters a cavern within it': he has missed his proper way and there will be evil.
Nine in the second place
Showing its subject in all the peril of the defile. He will, however, get a little of the deliverance that he seeks.
'He will get a little of the deliverance that he seeks': he will not yet escape from his environed position.
Six in the third place
Showing its subject, whether ascending or descending, confronted by a defile. All is peril to him and unrest. His endeavours will lead him into the cavern of the pit. There should be no action.
'Whether he comes or goes, he is confronted by a defile': in such circumstances he will never achieve any success.
Six in the fourth place
Showing its subject with a bottle of spirits and a basket of rice, while the cups and bowls are simply of earthenware. He introduces his lessons as his ruler's intelligence admits. There will in the end be no error.
'Nothing but a bottle of spirits and a basket of rice': these describe the meeting at this point of those who are represented by the strong and the weak lines.
Nine in the fifth place
Showing the water not yet filling the defile to the full, so that it might overflow. There will be no error.
'The water is not yet filling the defile to the full, so that it might overflow': the virtue indicated by the central situation is not yet sufficiently great.
Top-most six
Showing its subject bound with cords of three strands or two strands, and placed in a thicket of thorns. In three years he does not learn the course for him to pursue. There will be evil.
'Showing its subject missing his proper course': there will be evil for three years.

1. Ch'ien
Creative Principle

2. K'un
Passive Principle

3. Chun
Initial Difficulties

4. Meng
Youthful Inexperience

5. Hsü

6. Sung

7. Shih
The Army

8. Pi
Seeking Unity

9. Hsiao Ch'u
Minor Restraint

10. Lü
Treading carefully

11. T'ai

12. P'i

13. T'ung Jen

14. Ta Yu
Great Possessions

15. Ch'ien

16. Yü

17. Sui

18. Ku
Arresting Decay

19. Lin

20. Kuan

21. Shih Ho
Biting through

22. Pi

23. Po

24. Fu
The Turning Point

25. Wu Wang

26. Ta Ch'u
Restraining Force

27. I

28. Ta Kuo

29. K'an
The Abyss

30. Li
Clinging Brightness

31. Hsieh

32. Heng

33. Tun

34. Ta Chuang
Strength of Greatness

35. Chin

36. Ming I
Sinking Light

37. Chia Jen
The Family

38. K'uei

39. Chien

40. Hsieh

41. Sun

42. I

43. Kuai

44. Kou
Coming on

45. Ts'ui

46. Sheng
Moving upward

47. K'un

48. Ching
The Well

49. Ko

50. Ting
The Cauldron

51. Chen

52. Ken

53. Chien
Gradual Progress

54. Kuei Mei
Marriageable Maiden

55. Feng

56. Lü
The Wanderer

57. Sun
Gentle Penetration

58. Tui

59. Huan

60. Chien

61. Cung Fu
Inner Truth

62. Hsiao Kuo
Small Excess

63. Chi Chi
Completion and After

64. Wei Chi
Before Completion